Doh Bin project has been launched on December 1st, 2013 at DLF Phase IV, Gurgaon and completed on 30th November 2014. The Project was aimed to initiate the practices of Source Segregation of Household Waste and channelized segregated waste to its recycling. ‘Twin bins system’ were promoted to use at individual residence level for segregating the wet and dry waste under this project.
Doh Bin was the joint efforts of DLF City RWAs, Richmond Park, Hamilton Court, Tetra Pak India Pvt. Ltd., Coca Cola India Pvt. Ltd., Indian Pollution Control Association and Parkash Environment Group with the media partner Hindustan Times Ltd.
The key objective of this project was to foster the community participation for source segregation of waste and creating the feeling of ownership among people to maximize the utilization of resources to reduce waste. By doing so, they can improve their local aesthetic environment, which would indirectly result in less air, water and soil pollution, reduce pressure on landfill sites and reduce cost of transportation. Another strategic objective is to increase the per capita income of rag pickers and improve their health.
The DLF Phase IV is spread in 246.56 acres area with 1296 dwellings of high income group population and only 330 dwellings of economically weaker section (EWS). It has six multi-story residential complexes (Ridgewood Estate, Hamilton, Windsor, Regency park I, Regency park II, and Regency park) and also has four market complexes (Galleria, Super Mart I, Super Mart-II, and Cross Point), one city club, and one Senior Secondary School (Sri Ram Public School).
Activities of the Project
Under the umbrella of Doh Bin, IPCA has responsibility to provide training to its team of waste collectors to communicate message of source segregation to the households, RWAs, schools, colleges, shopping malls and complexes. IPCA has organized training and education programs for the maids and servants of residents; talks and carnivals at school and community level to create awareness among children. IPCA has also organized carnival for senior citizen so that they can work as volunteers; brainstorming sessions for youth volunteers to create the awareness by door to door campaigning for this clean drive.
All these activities are organizing on regular time intervals, for example, waste collectors training on every 5th day of the month; maid servants training on every 10th day of the month; brainstorming of volunteers on first Saturday of every month etc.
Set Up Dry Waste Collection Center
Doh Bin was not about just creating awareness and educating people, it was also about creating adequate infrastructure required for efficient waste management. IPCA and its waste collection partner Parkash Environmental Group has worked together to set up a Dry Waste Collection Centre at Village Ghitorni, New Delhi. Centre was set up with the following objectives:
- Provide all necessary infrastructures like fire extinguisher, safety, water, electricity, hydraulic baler, rest room etc.
- Different section for different waste commodities
- Provide regular training to the waste contractors and waste collectors to segregate waste in more efficient manner
- Channelize segregated waste to authorized and legal recyclers.
- Increase per capita income of waste collector.
To meet above mentioned objectives, project team made sections in the centre for different waste commodities and provided regular training to the workers on segregation and storage of waste material. They were also provided with gloves and mask for their better health and asked them to wear during working at centre.
To reduce workload on the workers and to save cost on storage and transportation, IPCA has installed Vertical Hydraulic Baler at the centre and provide training to the worker on the working of Baler. Project team has also worked to increase per capita income of waste collectors and linked waste collectors to the recyclers and they received more value to their waste material.
The biggest achievements of the project are discussed below:
1. Project was successfully executed at plotted area of DLF Phase IV, Hamilton Court and Richmond Park (Multi-Story Apartment) and reached appx. 1495 families with appeal of source segregation.
2. It was observed by routine monitoring and supervision by the project team total 807 families have started source segregation of waste at their home, which is 53.97% of total covered population.
3. Referred to study by interns from TERI University, source segregation and project Doh Bin helped waste collectors to increase their income by 85% and they could increase their income by learnt to segregate more items from waste and by selling their waste items at higher rate.
4. It was observed during the qualitative and quantitative survey of the waste generated in the project area that the waste has better quality and more dry waste.
5. Project team could able to implement three bin system in Richmond Park by putting separate bin for the collection of e-waste and prevent disposal of e-waste at landfill or processing through illegal channel.
6. Project team has started composting of horticulture waste at Richmond Park and prevented huge quantity of horticulture waste reach to the landfill.
7. Waste collectors has started using gloves and mask during segregation that can protect them from many diseases skin and lung diseases.
8. Vertical Hydraulic Baler at Dry Waste Collection Centre has reduced work load on the workers and increased their work efficiency.
9. Waste contractor can store more waste material at the centre by compacting waste by the hydraulic baler, which may add more profit to their business.
10. Waste contractor are getting more value to the compact waste material because that reduced transportation cost at least 5 times.
11. Source segregation and increased recycling rate has also reduced the pressure on landfill site.
12. Project Doh Bin has brought stakeholders to a common platform to discuss their problem related to solid waste management. In this way a sustainable network build in the community.
13. Source segregation finds its place in people talks and action.